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Sémillon worldwide: growing regions and distribution
The Sémillon grape variety is undoubtedly one of the oldest and most fascinating grape varieties in the wine world. Its roots go back to 18th century Bordeaux. Here it is believed to have originated from a cross between the rare Gouais Blanc and Sauvignon Blanc. The history of this variety is thus inextricably linked to the French wine tradition.
Sémillon worldwide: growing regions and distribution.
Although its origins are in Bordeaux, the Sémillon grape variety has spread worldwide. In addition to France, where it continues to shine in the famous Sauternes and Barsac wines, it can be found in Australia, South Africa, California and Chile. It thrives especially well in the warmer regions.
The perfect environment: climate and soil for Sémillon
Sémillon thrives best in temperate to warm climates. It loves sunshine, but also cool nights to develop its flavors to the fullest. Another key to the success of this grape variety is the soil. It prefers clayey soils and calcareous subsoil, which give it a unique character.
Diversity in the glass: Sémillon wine styles and vinification
Sémillon is extremely versatile and is used for both dry, fresh white wines and noble sweet dessert wines. The noble sweet versions, as produced in Sauternes and Barsac, are famous for their golden yellow color and impressive sweetness. This comes from botrytized grapes.
Taste discovery: the aromatic world of Sémillon wines
Sémillon wines are characterized by their impressive range of aromas. They can contain notes of citrus, honey, apricots, peaches and even almonds. The acid structure varies depending on ripeness and style, from refreshing to creamy and soft.
Sémillon at the dinner table: the ideal accompaniment to a variety of dishes.
Thanks to their versatility, Sémillon wines go perfectly with a variety of dishes. The dry versions are ideal companions to seafood, poultry and creamy sauces. The sweet wines are a perfect complement to desserts such as crème brûlée or blue cheese.
From the vineyard to the glass: the aging of Sémillon wines
Sémillon wines are often aged in steel tanks to preserve their freshness. However, it can also be done in oak barrels to add complexity and texture. Interestingly, Sémillon can also significantly improve wines with age. They continue to evolve over time and develop additional flavors.
More fascinating facts about the Sémillon grape variety
In Bordeaux, Sémillon is the main component in famous white wine cuvées such as Château d'Yquem and Château Rieussec.
The grape variety has a natural susceptibility to noble rot (Botrytis cinerea), which makes its sweet wines so special.
Sémillon is a thin-skinned grape. It is susceptible to disease, but can also produce very high yields if well cared for.
Things to know about Semillon
Which dishes harmonize best with dry Sémillon? Sémillon is excellent with seafood, poultry and creamy sauces.
Why are Sauternes wines so famous? Sauternes wines are made from botrytized Sémillon grapes, which gives them their unique sweet flavor.
How do Sémillon wines evolve with age? Sémillon wines can gain significant complexity and flavor diversity with age.
Where outside Bordeaux is Sémillon grown? Sémillon is successfully grown in Australia, South Africa, California and Chile.
What climates are ideal for growing Sémillon? Sémillon does best in temperate to warm climates with plenty of sun and cool nights.
Where can you buy Sémillon wines? Sémillon wines are available in well-stocked specialty stores and online, e.g. at VINELLO.
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